It is significant to retain the memory of learnings to score well in the exams.
A quick note on how our brain forget the learnings [as per Ebbinghaus Forgetting Curve] and what should be done to increase the memory retention [as per 0+1+7+30 Technique] has been discussed here.
In one of our recent blogs, we discussed and understood the memory boosters of our brain to gain success in SSC board exam.
To summarise again here, the diet rich in nutrients, physical exercises, and brain activities like concentration, meditation, and so forth act as the memory boosters.
Let us continue our studies further and learn the brain’s nature to forget the things past time, and how to overcome the same.
Before training our brain to retain the learnings, let us know how the brain forget the things in due course.
Hermann Ebbinghaus, a psychologist in 1885 experimented to learn how we learn and retain the information.
The graph thus obtained by plotting the obtained data is called the ‘Ebbinghaus Forgetting Curve’. However, it is known that a few people may remember better than the others, and the curve represents a general trend among the human population.
The curve obtained shows that the human brain tends to lose the memory [about 50%] in a few days/weeks provided they do not review the learned material consciously.
Accordingly, the memory retention power depends on the strength of the memory and the amount of time passed since learning. Based on his results, he developed a formula to determine the time limit of our memory.
Retention= e^- [Time/Strength of Memory]
The Ebbinghaus Forgetting Curve supports one of the memory failure kind, “Transience” i.e., the process of forgetting with the passage of time.
Ebbinghaus’ Forgetting Curve:
|Elapsed Time Since Learning||Retention [%]|
So now, we know the brain’s nature of forgetting and it is a casual thing. Detecting the cause or knowing a problem means, the problem is half-solved or we have arrived at 50% solution, right?!
Well, let’s understand how to resist this forgetting curve and retain the learned things to gain success in the upcoming SSC Board Exam 2019.
Resisting the Forgetting Curve:
The saying goes as
Exactly, the factors that affect the level of memory retention is repetition and memory representation quality.
A. Repetition/Spaced Repetition/Active Recall:
It is understood that higher original learning leads to less memory loss. It is believed that each repetition in learning leads to an increase in the interval for the next revision and an increase in memory retention percentage.
In brief, repeating revision every day during the SSC Board exam would help you to decrease the forgetting curve effect as explained below.
Regarding the graph,
- At the end of the class, you will be able to remember 75% of your learned subject.
- In the next ten minutes, you will forget another 30% and remember only 45%.
- If you revise in ten minutes, you will be able to retain 95% of your learned subject. So, now, you know why your subject teacher asks questions when she/he is about to finish the period. Recalling immediately helps you to retain the learning.
- After 24 hours, without revision, the brain retains about 50% learning.
- If you revise the subject again in 24 hours, 95% remembrance will be there, and the forgetting curve gets lesser.
- After one week, without revision, the brain can retain 60% learnings.
- So, if you revise again in one week, 95% memory retention is attained. And, the forgetting curve again is lesser here.
- Now, after one month, you can remember 60% of your learnings. Now, you know, why unit tests are conducted every month in your school.
- And, if you revise again in one month, 95% memory retention is regained.
This is the power of revision. You tend to forget less after each revision. And the memory retention gets longer.
On the other side, if you don’t revise in a month, you remember only 10% after a month.
Therefore, if you revise at proper intervals, 80% of remembrance is gained always.
The revision interval to maintain the learnings is an immediate revision, one-day revision, one-week revision, and one-month revision. This revision technique is known as 0+1+7+30 Technique.
0+1+7+30 Revision Technique:
How to Revise at Regular Intervals for Your SSC Board Exam?
You may plan and take an online practice test on the concerned chapter the next day. This helps you to revise the subject in depth and understand the concepts even better.
Further, you may plan for a revision test on the same chapter the following week, evaluate your learnings and revise the same.
Again, after a month, you can schedule the revision test to strengthen your learnings on the chapter.
Likewise, if you can succeed with all the chapters, scoring a high percentage in the SSC Board Exam is an easy task for you.
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B. Memory Representation Quality:
Clarity in Learnings:
While you learn, see that you understand the concept clearly. Absorb the information with the help of a diagram, video, listening, visualizing, and, etc.
Be actively involved and interact with your teacher or friends. Do not be a passive observer. This helps you to maintain the concentration or else you may drift away from concentration.
Try to connect the new learnings with the knowledge you already know and this forms a chain hard to break.
In addition to revision, if you improve the quality of the learnings, it supports your memory retention ability positively.
In brief, a holistic approach to learning is highly recommended to increase memory retention power. A holistic approach is nothing but interconnecting the new learnings into everything you already know.
If you can find connections with other interesting aspects, and ask questions rather than merely copying the dictated notes, then you are there!
As per 0+1+7+30 Technique, a sample Study Plan Framework is prepared for You!
|Sl.no.||Subject-Chapter Covered||Day 0||Day 1||Day 7||Day 30|
|1||Physics-9th Chapter||Attended Class and revised in class||Attend|
Online Practice Test
Online Test Series
Online Test Series
|3||Social Science-9th Chapter|
Remember! The rate of forgetting is not the same as everyone. The basic principle is repeat practice helps the brain to retain the memory power to its fullest potential.
And, the forgetting curve becomes shallow and shallower.
Review your notes and class work at regular intervals.
Excel in Your Exam!